Genetically Modified Organisms



What are GM foods?

Genetically modified organisms (GOMs) can be defined as organisms (i.e. plants, animals, or microorganisms) in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination.

One of the objectives for developing plants based on GM organisms is to improve crop protection. The GM crops currently on the market are mainly aimed at an increased level of crop protection through the introduction of resistance against plant disease caused by insect or viruses or through increased tolerance towards herbicides. Resistance against insects is achieved by incorporating into the food plant the gene for toxin production from the bacterium bacillus thuringinensis (Bt). This toxin is currently used as a conventional insecticide in agriculture and is safe for human consumption.

Commercial sale of genetically modified foods began in 1994, when Calgene first marketed its Flavr Savr delayed – ripening tomato. Most food modification have primarily focused on cash crops in high demand by farmers such as soyabean, corn, canola and cottonseed oil.

The safety of such products is not verified yet, in fact, we are the lab rats to test the safety of such technology. It is feared food and water contaminated with genetically engineered material could increase the growth of malignant tumors upon contact with humans. Genetic engineering allows introducing animal products in plants which could raise issues for those with dietary restrictions, like vegetarian or vegans. Pesticide resistant food can create super- creature! It’s not a joke, modified genes in engineered crops that resist pesticides can transfer to insects and pest; making them pesticide resistant. These super-organisms cannot be controlled easily. India placed a moratorium on GM aborigine in 2010. Fearing the effect on food safety and biodiversity. Field trials of other GM crops were nat formally halted, however. The GM mustard planted in the half-acre field in the grounds of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in New Delhi is in the final stage of trials Launched in 2002, Bt cotton, which produces its own pesticide, is the country’s only GM crop and covers 95 percent of India’s cotton cultivation of 11.6 million hectares (28.7 million acres).

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